Definitions of Gerousia @ (i) Wikipedia
(A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities (1890) (eds.
William Smith, LLD, William Wayte, G. E. Marindin). This account
contains an interesting account of the possible origins of the
On the Lacedaemonian Constitution, c. 340 BCE (Ancient History
Source Book) Aristotle refers to the Gerousia as the Council
of Elders. Scroll down the page to find his criticisms of
the Council of Elders.
( Ancient History Source Book)(11th Brittanica Sparta. You will
have to search within the article to find references to the gerousia.)
A brief description. Scroll down the page to locate it. Also describes
the Ephors, Kings, and the Ecclesia (assembly).
of Athens and Sparta. Scroll down the page to see the brief
notes on the Gerousia and a reference to its probouleutic function.
in the Sixth Century BC. Some lecture notes on Sparta. Scroll
down to see the information on the Gerousia. The author raises
HSC Online: Features of the Spartan Government.